Java is a modern object-oriented programming language created by James Gosling from Sun Microsystems. Since its inception in the mid-90s of the twentieth century, it has experienced dynamic development and interest in it has not been decreasing. Java has attracted many millions of programmers to date. It’s applied in every major IT industry branch and is present in Various types of devices, computers, and networks. The popularity of Java primarily stems from the portability of programs and independence from a Specific hardware platform, and consequently, it’s applicable on the Internet and in general in Web applications.
Java is a general-purpose language
Java is an object-oriented programming language that is class-based. Considering the possibilities that this programming language gives, it’s safe to say that it’s a general-purpose language. In Java, you can write desktop applications using JAVA SE, and also Web applications by using the framework called Spring.
The great advantage of this programming language is its use. Compiled Java code can be run on all systems that support Java without the need of recompiling for these systems.
- Object-oriented – everything is an Object in Java. Java can be easily developed thanks to the object model.
- Independent from the platform – Unlike other programming languages such as C and C++, when a program is compiled in Java, it’s not compiled for a Specific hardware configuration, but rather as a code Independent from the platform. The code is then sent through the network and interpreted by the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), regardless of the platform on which it is running.
- Simple – Java is custom-designed to be easy to learn. If you understand the basic concept of Java OOP, you can easily master this language.
- Safe – with the built-in security measures and authentication based on public encryption, Java is free of viruses and the risks of external interference in the code.
- Independent of architecture – The Java compiler generates an object-oriented file format so that the code can be run on multiple processors with installed Java Environment.
- Portable – due to its architectural independence and lack of specification dependencies, Java language is portable. The Java compiler is written in ANSI C code, with a clear indication of mobility, which belongs to the POSIX subset.
- Reliable – Java tries to eliminate situations conducive to coding errors by focusing on a thorough process of checking each line of code – when the program runs and during compilation.
- Multi-threaded – due to the multi-threaded functionality implemented in Java, it’s possible to write programs that will perform tasks simultaneously. This feature allows developers to build interactive applications that work efficiently and quickly.
- Interpreted – Java code is immediately translated to native processor instructions – it’s not stored anywhere. Thanks to this, the creation process is faster and more analytical, and linking to databases is a graded and light process.
- Efficient – By using Just-In-Time compilers, Java provides high efficiency.
- Shared – Java is designed to be shared in the Internet environment.
- Dynamic – Java language is considered to be more dynamic than C or C++ – because it is designed to adapt to an ever-evolving environment. Java programs can handle huge amounts of variable information that can be used to verify access to objects on an ongoing basis.